By Anthony Savile, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
"Leibniz is an immense determine in western philosophy and, with Descartes and Spinoza, probably the most influential philosophers of the Rationalist university. This Routledge Philosophy GuideBook publications the reader throughout the complexities of Leibniz's most renowned paintings and the fullest assertion of his mature philosophical inspiration, the Monadology. Anthony Savile sincerely identifies the highbrow assumptions that underlie Leibniz's inspiration and locates the textual content inside of Leibniz's better philosophical project." "Leibniz and the Monadology is a transparent and fascinating advent to at least one of the best systematic thinkers of the trendy period. it's crucial analyzing for all scholars coming to Leibniz for the 1st time."--Jacket. Read more...
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Additional resources for Routledge philosophy guidebook to Leibniz and the Monadology
The Principle of Contradiction alone forces this metaphysical stance upon us. Chapter 3 introduces these monadic simples and discusses the nature Leibniz sees them as inevitably having. Because of their truly unitary character they cannot be physically divisible, and so must not be thought of as material atoms however minute their extension might be. Such things would in theory always be further divisible, hence not be simple. Then, because monads can not be even minimally extended in space they can not naturally perish or be generated, for decay and generation can only take place where there is a dissolution of the complex into its simpler elements or a combination of more simple things into an aggregate.
The wheels will just be turning idly. So if the exercise of understanding is to reveal the nature of things to us in a way that is at all satisfactory, it can do so only if the explanations it offers us come to a halt, and that will be achieved only when we see the original source of earth-bound things to lie outside the world itself – to wit, in the decisions and decrees of a necessarily existing extramundane intelligence, God. The details of Leibniz’s proofs of God’s existence occupy Chapter 2 and will not detain us here, though it is worth noting that today’s speculations on this subject are much more likely to draw on Leibniz’s own thought about it than on anything else that the literature has to offer.
First, of course, we know we have to do only with sets of possible substances, minds of one kind or another furnished with the perceptions and desires that are theirs. Then, each one of these is completely determinate in terms of the properties (the perceptions and desires) that it has. It is part of Leibniz’s understanding of the Principle of Contradiction that every proposition is either true or false, so that as far as possible substances go there is no room for vagueness of indeterminacy in God’s view of their intrinsic characters.