Eighteenth-Century Britain: A Very Short Introduction (Very by Paul Langford

By Paul Langford

Whereas the remainder of eighteenth century Europe used to be embroiled in revolution and unrest, Britain launched into an period of comparative calm and balance. makes an attempt through the Stuarts to reclaim the throne have been simply placed down, no longer during the strength of the British army, yet in the course of the common apathy of the British humans, who have been simply now not within the temper to hitch within the rebellions loved by way of the yank colonies and the French. often referred to as the Age of Enlightenment, this used to be a time for highbrow development, as greater literacy charges and the creation of newspapers lead the way for a extra informed heart category. This was once additionally an amazing time for the preliminary flourishing of the British Empire, as Britain took benefit of its rivals' issues to extra its goals in a foreign country. This entire and authoritative consultant takes a thematic method of eighteenth-century heritage, overlaying such subject matters as household politics, spiritual advancements and alterations to social demographics. It provides a whole photograph of an period of reform and development.

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But in inspiration for the future, or constructive analysis of alternative possibilities, it was manifestly deficient. The Rise of Walpole When Gay’s audience glimpsed in Macheath the very essence of Walpolian politics, they seized upon one of the most significant aspects of the period – the close connection, seen if not established, between the political character of the Hanoverian regime and the supposed ills of contemporary society. With a few exceptions (notably the cartoonist 21 The Rise of Robinocracy that of the London underworld.

For juries would not convict and judges would not condemn in any but the clearest cases. The statistics of conviction are small compared with the actual numbers of offences. Even when the death sentence had been pronounced there was a strong chance of a reprieve at the request of the judge, or at the behest of a highly placed patron. In this way, the processes of justice inevitably sank into the welter of The Church If the poor looked to the State in vain, they looked to the Church with but faint hope.

Urban improvement itself reflected the economic growth and the widespread interest in it. Contemporaries who could remember the reign of Queen Anne and who were to live on into the last quarter of the eighteenth century cited the 1760s and 1770s as a time of extraordinary change and improvement in the material life of the cities, and also to some extent of the smaller towns. The emphasis was on space, hygiene, and order. The expanding towns of Manchester and Glasgow were much admired by visitors for their spacious squares, and neat rows of houses and warehouses.

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