By Alan Burns
Ada is the single ISO-standard, object-oriented, concurrent, real-time programming language. it really is meant to be used in huge, long-lived purposes the place reliability and potency are crucial, relatively real-time and embedded structures. during this booklet, Alan Burns and Andy Wellings supply a radical, self-contained account of the way the Ada tasking version can be utilized to build a variety of concurrent and real-time structures. this is often the one publication that makes a speciality of an in-depth dialogue of the Ada tasking version. Following on from the authors' past identify Concurrency in Ada, this ebook brings the dialogue brand new to incorporate the recent Ada 2005 language and the hot advances in real-time programming recommendations. it will likely be of worth to software program pros and complicated scholars of programming alike: certainly each Ada programmer will locate it crucial studying and a first-rate reference paintings that may sit down along the language reference guide.
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Extra info for Concurrent and Real-Time Programming in Ada
The design of a concurrent Ada program must therefore incorporate early recognition of the key active, passive, resource (protected) and server entities, and use the appropriate Ada language features for representing their required behaviour directly. Ada 2005 provides extra support by allowing better integration between its concurrency mechanisms and the object-oriented programming paradigm. 3 Process representation Various notations are used to specify the concurrent components of a program, and different methods are also employed to indicate when a process should start executing and when it should terminate.
Virtually all embedded systems are inherently parallel; the software must, therefore, control the simultaneous operations of the coexisting hardware components. Typically, this is achieved by associating with each external device a process that controls the input and output operations of that device. These processes, together with the necessary internal data management processes, constitute the software model. Embedded systems themselves are to be found in a wide variety of applications, for example: • • • • process control; air traffic control; avionics systems; industrial robots; • • • • engine controllers; domestic appliances; environmental monitors; command and control systems.
2) Add 1 to register. (3) Store the value of the register in the address for X. If two or more processes are assigning values to X, it is possible from the nature of the concurrency for unexpected values to be given to the shared variable. For example, let processes P1 and P2 execute the above assignment concurrently with X initially 0. A possible sequence of actions is: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) P1 copies value of X into its register (X(P1) = 0). P1 adds 1 to its register (X(P1) = 1). P2 copies value of X into its register (X(P2) = 0).