By Prof. Dr. H.-J. Karpe, Prof. Dr. D. Otten, Sergio C. Trinidade (auth.), Prof. Dr. H.-J. Karpe, Prof. Dr. D. Otten, Sergio C. Trinidade (eds.)
The Hamburg Congress on weather and improvement was once conceived as a reaction to the global curiosity on problems with climatic switch and variability. It was once meant as an interdisciplinary discussion board to compile differing perceptions in a head to head discussion. even supposing obstacle over weather swap has been at the foreign schedule of foreign curiosity turned obtrusive within the for over a decade, a brand new surge wake of 2 contemporary occasions. One used to be the frequent aid obtained by means of the 1987 Brundtland fee record, Our universal destiny, and the opposite used to be the 1988 Montreal Protocol on components that expend the ozone layer. even though the matter of the ozone layer concerning a unmarried class of sub stances (CFCs), it took decades and a dramatk discovery of the ozone gap in Antarctica to permit for a leap forward resulting in a global contract. the issues linked to climatic swap and variability are even more com plex and pervasive than these of the ozone layer, and a wider diversity of nationwide and foreign matters are concerned. The discussions within the 1988 consultation of the final meeting of the United international locations published a surge of curiosity and transforming into understanding of the foreign neighborhood of the problems concerned. earlier than that, the June 1988Toronto convention on "The altering surroundings: Implications for international safeguard" was once a signifi cant attempt in forging a consensus on fascinating ambitions for worldwide action.
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Extra resources for Climate and Development: Climatic Change and Variability and the Resulting Social, Economic and Technological Implications
There is also the methane being caused by large-scale owning of cattle and by rice growing. What can be done to solve this problem? Are there any alternatives? Every single problem can be examined this way. Only if there is precise knowledge we will be able to find adequate answers. We will stop up the sources of pollution where they are really dangerous. But beforehand we must identify them. g. that the excessive use of artificial fertilizers causes a rise in trace gases which can be dangerous.
I think many will agree with me when I say "We cannot accept the fact that most manufacturers still react so indolently; that the interest in shortterm profits is still of foremost importance; that governments still behave too hesitantly". II It is inevitable: We must change our way of thinking and see the Earth again, so to speak - as a whole. The exploitation of nature and the wastage of its resources and raw materials have reached dangerous limits. Changes in industrial production methods are decisive for the reduction of the greenhouse effect and for a stop to the ozone killers.
G. in physics and in medicine (cancer, aids). It must also be applied when we examine the ecology of the forests, climate and the important social problems we have to expect. These are most complex topics which require excellent scientists who do not only work on their specific fields but also commit themselves to further questions involved, seeking cooperation on an international level. And this is another important point. We can improve our chances by developing international scientific and political cooperation which could not be expected some years ago.