Chess Metaphors: Artificial Intelligence and the Human Mind by Diego Rasskin-Gutman, Deborah Klosky (transl.)

By Diego Rasskin-Gutman, Deborah Klosky (transl.)

After we play the traditional and noble online game of chess, we grapple with principles approximately honesty, deceitfulness, bravery, worry, aggression, good looks, and creativity, which echo (or let us go away from) the attitudes we take up our day-by-day lives. Chess is an task within which we installation just about all our to be had cognitive assets; hence, it makes an excellent laboratory for research into the workings of the brain. certainly, examine into man made intelligence (AI) has used chess as a version for clever habit because the Nineteen Fifties. In Chess Metaphors, Diego Rasskin-Gutman explores primary questions on reminiscence, proposal, emotion, cognizance, and different cognitive approaches throughout the video game of chess, utilizing the strikes of thirty-two items over sixty-four squares to map the structural and useful association of the brain.

Rasskin-Gutman specializes in the cognitive activity of challenge fixing, exploring it from the views of either biology and AI. He examines inspiration after inspiration, circulate after stream, delving into the various psychological mechanisms and the cognitive techniques underlying the activities of taking part in chess. Bringing the sport of chess right into a greater framework, he analyzes its collateral impacts that unfold alongside the frontiers of video games, artwork, and technology. ultimately, he investigates AI's attempt to application a working laptop or computer which may beat a flesh-and-blood grandmaster (and win an international chess championship) and the way the implications fall brief in comparison to the really inventive nature of the human brain.

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The brain operates in several ways during this episode. Perception as an act of sensation and of understanding makes the pieces on the board a series of symbols, infusing them and their positions with concrete meanings in the mind of the experienced player. Long-term memory is in charge of validating present perceptions in accordance with previous knowledge: the player remembers the position that he is perceiving and looks for plans based on what he has already experienced. The discovery of a move—here, a sacrifice—generates a series of emotional responses that are transmitted to the body in a feedback relationship.

The study of how vision is structured and functions is a productive topic in neuroscience and is providing a large quantity of information about the overall functioning of the brain and the nature of consciousness. Finally, the interneurons are neurons that play the role of intermediary between the sensory and motor neurons. During embryonic development, they establish routes where the sensory neurons transduce the information received from the environment and transmit it to the brain. There, the information is integrated and processed, and a new type of signal is produced that heads to a motor neuron, which provokes some kind of movement or 8 Chapter 1 action.

Because overabundant raw material (cells) is generated, the excess then must yield its space so that the rest can grow without difficulties. This type of strategy has been taken to suggest the hypothesis of neuronal Darwinism, where a kind of fight for survival exists among neurons. The defender of this thesis is Gerald Edelman, who won a Nobel Prize in medicine. Much later, each movement, each organ of the embryo, leaves its impression on the developing brain. In the human species, little by little through the nine months of gestation, the brain begins to generate a map of the world— the feet, the hands, the arms, the legs, the liver, the heart, the stomach, the muscles of the eyelids, the tongue.

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