By Douglas Ehring
Ehring indicates the inadequacy of bought theories of causation, and, introducing conceptual units of his personal, offers a totally new account of causation because the patience over the years of person houses, or "tropes."
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Extra resources for Causation and Persistence: A Theory of Causation
Preemption 3] The difficulty i s that this reasoning applies equally well, in some cases, to events in the alternate line. In some cases, intrinsically indistinguishable processes, minus the main line, can be found in which there is counterfactual dependence of the final effect on those same alternate-line events. Events in the alternate line then satisfy the extended analysis. The result: some preempted causes are classified as genuine. Is this objection sound? Perhaps not if non occurrent preemption is at stake.
That entailment, on the other hand, does hold when C2 is a preempted cause. This additional entailment, combined with the fact that ( c2 & H' & C1 & H & L) entails e, allows us to specify another state of affairs, including C2 that is both actual and ' minimal: ( c2 & H ' & H). I would need to appeal to the disjunctive state of affairs (3) to gain C2 its false status only if the entailment--( C2 & H ' & -C, & H & L) entails e--did 26 CAUSATION AND PERSISTENCE not hold. That is what we would have to do if we attempted to generalize this argu ment to cover any arbitrary event-in order to show that the neo-Humean is forced to admit any arbitrary event as a cause of e if there are any causes of e.
Singular causal statements are thus sen sitive to certain type-type relations, the laws of nature (although not necessarily to type-type relations between the token events of the causal pair). An event pair may be causally connected in one world but not necessarily in another world with different laws. Different laws may make for different rankings of over-all comparative similar ity and, hence, for differences in truth values for counterfactual statements (and thus causal statements). Lewis's theory is thus quasi-generalist.?