British Social Trends since 1900: A Guide to the Changing by A. Halsey

By A. Halsey

This ebook tells the tale of alterations within the social constitution of england from 1900 to the mid Eighties. It accommodates and is a sequel to developments in British Society when you consider that 1900, a compilation via a distinguishd workforce of social scientists on the college of Oxford, and the one accomplished number of British social records for the 20th century as a whole.

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In the same period fertility, though reaching a peak in 1964, has fallen below replacement levels and the proportion of illegitimate births has multiplied by four. Moreover, not only has reproduction moved marginally but significantly outside the traditional family but the family itself is less stable with a more than fivefold increase in the divorce rate between 1961 and 1985. Remarriages now account for over a third of all marriages. 1. But again the reduction in the percentage of men who are economically active is mainly caused by the retirement of increasing numbers of men over 65.

1) More women, especially married women, in employment. Less childbirth, but more illegitimate childbirth. More divorce and remarriage, and more one-person households. More men economically inactive, whether as unemployed, retired, or drawn into the domestic economy. 5. More men and women in adult education. 6. More children in extended schooling. 7. A population with higher formal qualifications. Statistics taken from the various editions of Social Trends confirm these expectations. Between the end of the war and the mid-1980s the proportion of economically-active women has risen from just over a third to nearly half, and the proportion of economically-active married women, albeit mainly in parttime jobs, has more than doubled.

There is overwhelming evidence that the coloured population suffers discrimination on grounds of colour in employment, housing, leisure activities and over the whole range of social relationships. Differences in power and advantage, whether based on colour or on any other socially-evaluated attribute, tend to be generalised and to be transmitted between generations. They therefore form systems of social stratification which are highly resistant to change. The citizenship status of the coloured Briton underlies and emphasises the continuing problem of maintaining the legitimacy of a conservative and stratified society.

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