Blue Veins and Kinky Hair: Naming and Color Consciousness in by Obiagele Lake

By Obiagele Lake

The writer explores how Africans in the USA internalized the unfavorable photos created of them via the ecu global, and the way internalized racism has labored to fracture African American cohesion and thereby dilute inchoate efforts towards liberation. within the overdue Nineteen Sixties, switch begun with the Black is gorgeous slogan and new a recognition, which went hand in hand with Black strength and pan-African routine. the writer argues that for any humans to be triumphant, they have to first embody their very own identification, together with actual features. Naming, epidermis colour, and hair were topical matters within the African American group because the 18th century. those 3 parts are key to a feeling of id and self, they usually have been forcefully replaced while Africans have been taken out of Africa as slaves.The writer discusses how staff and private names, together with racial epithets, have had far-reaching and deep-seated results on African American self conception. such a lot of her cognizance, despite the fact that, is targeted on problems with actual visual appeal which mirror a better or lesser measure of racial mixing. She tells us approximately particular African American businesses corresponding to The Blue Vein Society, during which club was once prolonged to African americans whose epidermis colour and hair texture tended towards these of eu american citizens, even supposing filthy rich dark-skinned humans have been additionally eligible. a lot of the e-book info the lengths to which African American ladies have long gone to lighten their complexions and straighten their hair. those endeavors all started decades in the past, and nonetheless proceed, even if this day there's additionally lots of ladies who're adamantly going common. Her ancient examine the cultural history to African American problems with hair and pores and skin is the 1st monograph of its style.

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Extra resources for Blue Veins and Kinky Hair: Naming and Color Consciousness in African America

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Free mulattoes numbered 159,000, slave mulattoes 247,000" (Williamson 1980:24). Free mulattoes in the lower South were more numerous and prosperous than those in the upper South. While the majority of mulattoes in the lower South were slaves, many of the free and well-to-do mulattoes themselves owned slaves. 1, after slavery the number of mulattoes in the United States increased. S. history. This was the case in northern as well as southern slave and non-slave states. In 1677 a European woman was indicted for having sexual relations with a slave (Turner 1911:29).

Compendium of the Seventh Census of the United States, p. 83. Quoted from Marina Wikramanayake, 1966: The Free Negro in Ante-Bellum South Carolina. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Wisconsin. Mulattoes and Color Consciousness in the United States 27 tion and was a vocal and active member of South Carolina's legislature (Christopher 1976:98). These accomplishments notwithstanding, his electoral victories were marked by fraud and resulted in his being unseated from his post in the House of Representatives in 1873.

Boston: Richard G. Badger. 3 Racial Demographics in Charleston, South Carolina: 1790 Descent Population European 8,089 African 7,684 Mulatto 586 Source: Compiled from Fitchett, 1940: The traditions of the Free Negro in Charleston, South Carolina. The Journal of Negro History 25(2): 139-152. BFS members (see Appendix H) included tailors, carpenters, shoemakers, draymen, and butchers. In the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries these occupations were considered prestigious for anyone with African ancestry and were absolutely so compared to the lot of African slaves.

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