Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction by Sahotra Sarkar

By Sahotra Sarkar

This ebook explores the epistemological and moral concerns on the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasising the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticises makes an attempt to characteristic intrinsic price to nature and defends an anthropocentric place on biodiversity conservation in keeping with an untraditional inspiration of transformative worth. not like different stories within the box of environmental philosophy, this publication is as a lot keen on epistemological matters as with environmental ethics. It covers a extensive diversity of issues, together with difficulties of clarification and prediction in conventional ecology and the way individual-based types and Geographic details platforms (GIS) know-how is remodeling ecology. Introducing a quick heritage of conservation biology, Sarkar analyses the consensus framework for conservation making plans via adaptive administration. He concludes with a dialogue of instructions for theoretical study in conservation biology and environmental philosophy.

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One result of this change in technology has been the increasingly rapid transformation of the environment. 12 Twentieth-century technology has even radically transformed our subjective phenomenological experience. We may see loggers destroying rainforests on our television screens as they are doing it. We can see rainforests burning. S. 13 There is the potential for immediacy in our response: many individuals feel the urge to stop them, the loggers and the fires. There is no longer the luxury to think, reflectively, that what is being observed now actually happened a while ago, and that, while such events may be unfortunate, nevertheless all that we are left with is the option of carefully considering policy alternatives in order to prevent future destruction.

But what should properly count as resources are materials and processes as they are utilized by us (and, depending on the context, by other species) for specifiable ends. This depends on the available technology.

While perhaps no one has explicitly equated the per capita environmental effects of population growth in the South and the North, almost any policy prescription that lumps together populations from the South and the North to suggest uniform quantitative requirements implicitly involves this extrapolation. 34 A “local” reason for this conclusion is the general population explosion argument: it is desirable to control population growth in these affluent societies as much as possible, just as it is desirable to control population growth in general.

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