By Ben Coppin
Meant for laptop technology scholars, this textbook explains present efforts to take advantage of algorithms, heuristics, and methodologies in response to the ways that the human mind solves difficulties within the fields of laptop studying, multi-agent platforms, desktop imaginative and prescient, making plans, and taking part in video games. It covers neighborhood seek tools, propositional and predicate common sense, principles and specialist platforms, neural networks, Bayesian trust networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy common sense, and clever brokers.
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Additional info for Artificial Intelligence Illuminated
Turing’s test has resulted in a number of computer programs (such as Weizenbaum’s ELIZA, designed in 1965) that were designed to mimic human conversation. Of course, this in itself is not a particularly useful function, but the attempt has led to improvements in understanding of areas such as natural language processing. To date, no program has passed the Turing test, although cash prizes are regularly offered to the inventor of the first computer program to do so. Later in the 1950s computer programs began to be developed that could play games such as checkers and chess (see Chapter 6), and also the first work was carried out into developing computer programs that could understand human language (Chapter 20).
Each frame has one or more slots, which are assigned slot values. This is the way in which the frame system network is built up. Rather than simply having links between frames, each relationship is expressed by a value being placed in a slot. 2. ” Hence, the “is-a” relationship is very important in frame-based representations because it enables us to express membership of classes. This relationship is also known as generalization because referring to the class of mammals is more general than referring to the class of dogs, and referring to the class of dogs is more general than referring to Fido.
Rules such as this must be applied with caution and must be remembered when building a semantic net. 4 Inheritance An important feature of semantic nets is that they convey meaning. That is to say, the relationship between nodes and edges in the net conveys information about some real-world situation. A good example of a semantic net is a family tree diagram. Usually, nodes in these diagrams represent people, and there are edges that represent parental relationships, as well as relationships by marriage.