Arguments for Protected Areas: Multiple Benefits for by Sue Stolton, Nigel Dudley

By Sue Stolton, Nigel Dudley

So much secure components (e.g.national parks and nature reserves) were created to guard natural world and land- and seascape values. They at the moment conceal over thirteen% of the world's land floor, round 12% of marine coastal parts and four% of the marine shelf. maintaining and increasing those parts sooner or later depends upon displaying their wider merits for society. This booklet presents a concise and persuasive assessment of the values of safe components. Contributing authors from over fifty nations research quite a lot of values which are maintained in secure components, together with meals, water and fabrics; wellbeing and fitness; tourism; cultural and non secular values; and buffering potential opposed to weather swap and usual failures. The booklet additionally considers the position of safe parts in poverty aid innovations, their courting with conventional and indigenous humans and in fostering clash solution via peace parks tasks. The chapters draw on a sequence of authoritative stories released through WWF over fresh years less than the 'Arguments for cover' banner, in organization with numerous companions, and on extra learn conducted specially for the amount. It analyses the possibilities and obstacles of secure parts for offering many of the values besides sensible suggestion for planners and bosses approximately maximising merits. It offers a big contribution to the talk in regards to the position of secure parts in conservation and different points of average source administration and human livelihoods. released with WWF

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G. park staff often know where rare species can be found (Columbia University, 1999). , 1997). A specific example is Angiotensin I, a drug to treat high blood pressure derived from the Brazilian arrowhead viper (Bothrops jararaca), which brought the US company that developed it (but not the people of Brazil) billions of US$ profits annually (Sneader, 2005). A compound which has antimicrobial and fungicidal properties and may be useful for controlling fungal infections in humans was isolated from giraffe dung collected at the entrance of Etosha National Park in Namibia (US Patent, 1998).

At park level, for example, a vulnerability assessment carried out in Ankarafantsika National Park in Madagascar has been incorporated into the management strategy of the park. , 2005). Vital Sites 27 Conclusions Making the link between the environment and health has not happened overnight. In 1986, an international conference sponsored by WHO highlighted the need to bring the health and environment agendas together in a way that went beyond the normal responsibilities of countries’ traditional health sectors.

By the 1880s areas of maquis scrub in Tuscany had become severely degraded by human activities and grazing, creating a marsh exacerbating the spread of malaria. The Duna Feniglia State Nature Reserve was declared in 1971 in an area where a government-led reforestation process was initiated in the early 20th century to reduce mosquito habitat (Anon, 2006). Traditional management of resources and habitats can also focus on plants with medicinal value. , 2006b). In southern India, 55 specific Medicinal Plants Conservation Areas have been established by State Forest Departments to protect representatives of all major forest types and bio-geographical zones.

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