By A. V. Gaponov-Grekhov, Victor L. Granatstein
Covers the $64000 study into relativistic microwave electronics that has been performed over the last twenty years - advances that have significantly superior either the height energy and the common energy features of microwave oscillators and amplifiers, in particular at millimetre wavelengths. purposes contain neighborhood plasma heating and present force in managed thermonuclear fusion reactors; improving services of complex radar and communique structures; and atmospheric changes together with rebuilding the ozone layer. This paintings may be valuable for the study and improvement neighborhood in excessive strength microwaves, radar, fabrics processing, managed thermonuclear fusion, accelerator engineering, meteorology and environmental engineering. it truly is compatible for graduate scholars in electric engineering.
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Extra resources for Applications of high-power microwaves
3). 57 Transition point temperature is listed. 6 ~6–7 Crystalline solid-state laser materials such as YAG are superior to glasses in thermal conductivity and mechanical strength. Glasses, because of the extremely large lengths of material used when making use of distributed heat along their surface, create great opportunities for solving many thermal management issues existing in crystalline lasers. In addition, some spectroscopic parameters of the laser glass, such as broad absorption lines, make them superior for many diode pump applications (reviewed in later chapters).
One of the well-known techniques that is used to increase absorption of laseractive ions and enhance efficiency of rare-earth ion excitation is co-doping the laser active ion with another ion, using a more suitable pumping spectral location, a high doping concentration, and an efficient pumping excitation transfer to the lasing ion. Therefore, this technique is very important in clad pumping geometry in which, as mentioned above, effective absorption of the active laser center in the cladding is reduced significantly.
Rev. B, 16(1), 10–20 (1977) 3. J. Weber, The role of lanthanides in optical materials. American Ceramic Society annual meeting and exposition, Cincinnati, OH, USA, 1–5 May 1995, pp. 1–18 4. R. Reisfeld, Spectroscopy of Solid-State Type Laser Materials, ed. by B. DiBartolo (Plenum Press, New York, 1987), pp. 343–396 5. B. J. Weber, Multiphonon relaxation of rare-earth ions in beryllium-fluoride glass. Phys. Rev. B16, 3259–3261 (1977) 6. D. Lezal, J. Pedlikova, J. Zavadil, Chalcogenide glasses for optical and photonics applications.