By Fangming Jin
This bookreviews the hot advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemical substances and fuels, and contains 15 chapters. It introduces the homes of high-temperature water, the advantages of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and a few novel hydrothermal conversion tactics, more often than not together with hydrothermal construction of value-added items, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization. This ebook introduces a brand new proposal for counteracting the imbalance within the carbon cycle, that is brought on by the quick intake of fossil fuels in anthropogenic actions together with the sluggish formation of fossil fuels. for that reason, the e-book turns out to be useful in conveying a basic realizing of hydrothermal conversion of biomass within the carbon cycle in order that a contribution might be made to attaining sustainable power and atmosphere. it's also attention-grabbing to a large readership in numerous fields together with chemical, geologic and environmental technology and engineering.
Fangming Jin is a unusual Professor on the university of Environmental technology & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong collage, China
Read or Download Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion PDF
Best environmental studies books
The manipulation of fireside by means of early hominins used to be a turning element in our evolutionary heritage. as soon as "domesticated", fireplace supplied heat, mild and safeguard from predators, in addition to permitting the exploitation of a brand new diversity of meals. This e-book offers the spatial analyses of burned and unburned flint goods which supply proof for the managed use of fireside on the 790,000-year-old Acheulian web site of Gesher Benot Ya‘aqov (GBY).
This well timed publication presents a complete perception into the demanding situations dealing with humanity and Earth within the twenty first century. It opens with a dialogue at the domination of all the continents and oceans by way of a starting to be human inhabitants. this can be by way of an appraisal of the level to which water and nutrition offers might be capable of accommodate this inhabitants, which can achieve 11 billion by means of 2100.
During the last few years there was a transforming into problem over the expanding focus of micropollutants originating from a very good number of resources together with pharmaceutical, chemical engineering and private care product industries in rivers, lakes, soil and groundwater. As lots of the micropollutants are polar and chronic compounds, they're in simple terms in part or by no means faraway from wastewater and therefore can input the surroundings posing an excellent danger to the biota.
Frank E. Zachos bargains a finished assessment of 1 of today’s most vital and contentious concerns in biology: the species challenge. After surroundings the level with key heritage info at the subject, the booklet presents a short background of species innovations from antiquity to the fashionable Synthesis, via a dialogue of the ontological prestige of species with a spotlight at the individuality thesis and power technique of reconciling it with different philosophical ways.
- Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry
- ITF Round Tables The Cost and Effectiveness of Policies to Reduce Vehicle Emissions
- Spatial Capture-recapture
- A Dictionary of Environmental History
Additional resources for Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion
Science 312(5782):1933–1937 40. Jin FM, Zhou ZY, Enomoto H, Moriya T, Higashijima H (2004) Conversion mechanism of cellulosic biomass to lactic acid in subcritical water and acid-base catalytic effect of subcritical water. Chem Lett 33(2):126–127 41. Kishida H, Jin FM, Yan XY, Moriya T, Enomoto H (2006) Formation of lactic acid from glycolaldehyde by alkaline hydrothermal reaction. Carbohydr Res 341(15):2619–2623 42. Sasaki M, Goto K, Tajima K, Adschiri T, Arai K (2002) Rapid and selective retro-aldol condensation of glucose to glycolaldehyde in supercritical water.
Zhang YL, Shen Z, Zhou XF, Zhang M, Jin FM (2012) Solvent isotope effect and mechanism for the production of hydrogen and lactic acid from glycerol under hydrothermal alkaline conditions. Green Chem 14(12):3285–3288 121. Ramayya S, Brittain A, Dealmeida C, Mok W, Antal MJ (1987) Acid-catalyzed dehydration of alcohols in supercritical water. Fuel 66(10):1364–1371 122. Narayan R, Antal MJ (1989) Kinetic elucidation of the acid-catalyzed mechanism of 1propanol dehydration in supercritical water. ACS Symp Ser 406:226–241 123.
J Chem Phys 80(10):4989–4997 51. Akiya N, Savage PE (1998) Role of water in formic acid decomposition. AIChE J 44(2):405–415 52. Wakai C, Yoshida K, Tsujino Y, Matubayasi N, Nakahara M (2004) Effect of concentration, acid, temperature, and metal on competitive reaction pathways for decarbonylation and decarboxylation of formic acid in hot water. Chem Lett 33(5):572–573 53. Marshall W, Franck E (1981) Ion product of water substance, 0–1000 °C, 1–10,000 bars new international formulation and its background.