Analyticity (New Problems of Philosophy) by Cory Juhl

By Cory Juhl

Analyticity, or the 'analytic/synthetic' contrast is likely one of the most vital and arguable difficulties in modern philosophy. it's also necessary to realizing many advancements in common sense, philosophy of language, epistemology and metaphysics. during this amazing creation to analyticity Cory Juhl and Eric Loomis conceal the next key subject matters: The origins of analyticity within the philosophy of Hume and Kant Carnap's arguments touching on analyticity within the early 20th century Quine's recognized objections to analyticity in his vintage 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism' essay the connection among analyticity and relevant concerns in metaphysics, corresponding to ontology the connection among analyticity and epistemology Analyticity within the context of the present debates in philosophy, together with arithmetic and ontology through the ebook the authors exhibit what percentage philosophical controversies hinge at the challenge of analyticity. extra gains contain bankruptcy summaries, annotated additional studying and a word list of technical phrases making the booklet perfect to these coming to the matter for the 1st time.

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In particular, we focus on difficulties with Carnap’s Aufbau account. We then turn to Carnap’s attempts to resolve the difficulties with his Aufbau account after the dissolution of the Vienna Circle. Carnap wanted to preserve many of the guiding insights of the Circle. Generally speaking, Carnap provided two different ways of developing his philosophy in the face of the objections raised against the Aufbau. One was presented in his book The Logical Syntax of Language, and the second was given in his later work and inspired by the semantical theories of Alfred Tarski and others.

This raised the risk of vicious circularity at the heart of the Aufbau. Carnap was both proposing to demonstrate how objective empirical science was possible, and appealing to the discoveries of such science in that very demonstration. Years later, Quine expressed the problem with the Aufbau’s constructions here as follows: But why all this creative reconstruction, all this make-believe? The stimulation of his sensory receptors is all the evidence anybody has had to go on, ultimately, in arriving at his picture of the world.

This proposed language-relativity of analytic truth was a radical step with important consequences, as we shall see. Carnap’s philosophy is interesting in its own right, and it had an important influence on the emergence of contemporary analytic philosophy. It is not, however, easy to understand. The reason for this is that Carnap made heavy use of technical methods in logic and set theory to develop his position. In this chapter, we have attempted to include some discussion of Carnap’s technical methods.

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