By Gordon Marshall
What's the relation among social category and social justice? this is often at the moment a question of public in addition to educational curiosity. during this compelling new research the authors collect fresh advancements in normative brooding about social justice with new empirical findings approximately academic attainment and social mobility. the result's a path-breaking contribution to the research of sophistication and justice, one who should be of curiosity to sociologists and political theorists for years yet to come.
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Additional resources for Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies
Finally, Erikson and Goldthorpe point to a number of accounts in which the effects of economic growth and of the shift to achievement as the basis for social selection are seen to interact, such that meritocratic procedures operate most strongly within the expanding technologically advanced sectors of the economy and the growing numbers of large-scale bureaucratic organizations. Conversely, ascriptive tendencies are confined to declining sectors and outmoded organizational forms, for example agriculture or the small family-based firm.
As was explained above (and as is confirmed by the work 34 of Evans and others), the scheme is constructed so that there are significant inequalities of position between the working, intermediate, and service classes. Whatever qualifications might be appropriate at greater levels of detail, these three groupings can certainly be considered to form a hierarchy, so we can be confident that, at this three-class level of analysis, we are investigating mobility between not 11 just different but also unequal positions.
Parsons 1971: 114) Similar assessments will be found in the work of Kerr, Bell, and other liberal theorists. For example, Donald J. Treiman (one of the leading exponents of liberal theory in the field of stratification studies) maintains that mobility chances not only increase but equalize with economic development, so that equality of opportunity is inherent in the logic of industrialism (see Treiman 1970: 221; Ganzeboom et al. 1989: 3–4). Presumably, therefore, relative mobility chances should be more equal in mature industrial societies (such as Britain and the United States) than in late-industrializing countries (such as Russia and her former satellite states in Eastern Europe).