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Extra info for Advanced Oil Crop Biorefineries
18 The main demand for groundnuts comes from the European Union, Canada and Japan. Although groundnuts have economic potential in Europe, the European climate prevents an increase in production. 6 Mio mto a year. Major producing countries include Mexico, India, China and Sudan. 109 Although European demand is high, the crop potential is low. Because the sesame plant requires tropical climate conditions,18 Italy is the only European sesame seed producer, yielding 1360 mto a year. 4 Mio mto a year.
Olive oil is the oil consisting of a blend of reﬁned olive oil and virgin olive oils ﬁt for consumption as they are. It has a free acidity, expressed as oleic acid, of not more than 1 gram per 100 grams. Olive-pomace oil is the oil obtained by treating olive pomace with solvents or other physical treatments, to the exclusion of oils obtained by re-esteriﬁcation processes and of any mixture with oils of other kinds. 19). 112 from the tree into picking bags or onto nets below the tree, (3) beating limbs with large sticks to dislodge fruit, which is also collected on nets.
3% on dry matter. 1 Conclusion For the development of advanced oil crop bioreﬁneries it is necessary to combine today’s oil crop industry and future LCF bioreﬁneries. Straw can be considered as cellulose-containing biomass and wastes for production of platform chemicals, such as levulinic acid. Thus straw from oil crop plants (rape, sunﬂower) is an excellent starting material for use in the LCF bioreﬁneries. 2) separated from oil crop press cake. 1 Introduction Because of their high energy content, fats and oils have been of crucial importance for nutrition since the evolution of the human species.